De tweede ontwikkelversie uit de 2.9-serie van het opensource-fotobewerkingsprogramma The Gimp is uitgekomen. De naam GIMP is een afkorting voor 'GNU Image Manipulation Program'. De software is beschikbaar voor diverse besturingssystemen, waaronder Windows, FreeBSD, Linux, OS X en Solaris. De broncode is al op te halen, binaries voor de verschillende besturingssystemen volgen spoedig. In versie 2.9 is onder meer de GEGL-image processing engine nog verder geïntegreerd, kan het canvas worden geroteerd en treffen we diverse nieuwe en verbeterde tools aan. De complete release notes voor deze uitgave zien er als volgt uit:
GIMP 2.9.4 ReleasedWe have just released the second development version of GIMP in the 2.9.x series. After half a year in the works, GIMP 2.9.4 delivers a massive update: revamped look and feel, major improvements in color management, as well as production-ready MyPaint Brush tool, symmetric painting, and split preview for GEGL-based filters. Additionally, dozens of bugs have been fixed, and numerous small improvements have been applied.
GIMP 2.9.4 is quite reliable for production work, but there are still loose ends to tie, which is why releasing stable v2.10 will take a while. Please refer to the Roadmap for the list of major pending changes.
Revamped User Interface and Usability Changes
The new version features several new themes by Benoit Touchette in various shades of gray: Lighter, Light, Gray, Dark, Darker. The system theme has been preserved for users who prefer a completely consistent look of user interfaces across all desktop applications.
Note that we still consider this feature a work in progress, as dark themes still need some fine-tuning (especially regarding the color of inactive menu items).
The new UI themes are accompanied by symbolic icons originally created by Barbara Muraus and Jakub Steiner, and heavily updated and completed by Klaus Staedtler. The existing icon theme from past releases of GIMP has also been preserved, and users can freely switch between available icon themes and easily add their own ones.
Note that themes and icon themes are now separate: you can easily mix your favorite UI with various icon sets. Also since most 2.8 themes would end up broken in 2.9.x, themes are not migrated from GIMP < 2.9. Users who want custom themes will have to install ones specifically made for GIMP 2.9/2.10.
All work on icons by Klaus Staedtler is made on vector (SVG) images, which should allow better support for HiDPI displays (also commonly known as Retina) soon. Vector icons are an experimental feature, available after using the
--enable-vector-iconsbuild configure option. Note that this option does not allow HiDPI support at this time.
We cleaned the Preferences dialog a little and reordered options in a more logical manner. The Color Management page was redesigned following both internal and user-visible changes in relevant parts of GIMP (see below), and the Snap Distance options have been moved to a dedicated Snapping page.
Additionally, it is now possible to configure the size of undo step previews in the Undo dialog via the Preferences dialog, which was previously only possible by manually editing GIMP’s configuration file GIMP’s configuration file, by a complete oversight on our part.
The startup splash screen now features a pulsing progress bar to indicate that GIMP is not frozen. This, as well as initializing fontconfig in the background (also a new feature in 2.9.4), is meant to address a common issue where rebuilding the fonts cache (or building it for the first time) can take a lot of time hence making an impression that GIMP freezes at startup. We acknowledge that this is a workaround. Fixing the actual reason involves hacking on fontconfig. If you are interested, there is a bug report on that.
Color Management Improvements
The color management implementation got a complete overhaul in this version of GIMP. Instead of being a pluggable module, it is now a core feature. Moreover, we added an abstraction layer that makes GIMP less dependent on LittleCMS. This means that in the future GIMP could use native APIs on Windows and OS X, and/or use OCIO.
For now, it has helped us to clean up the code a lot and introduce a clean implementation of color management to various bits of GIMP such as: previews for color swatches and gradients, patterns, various color widgets (including the drag-and-drop color widget), the Color Picker tool, layer and image preview etc. The only unmanaged bit for now is the color widget in the Script-Fu and Python-Fu plug-ins. Moreover, GIMP will track which monitor the widget is currently on (different monitors would have different ICC profiles assigned to them) and color-correct it accordingly.
Grayscale images are first class citizens in GIMP once again: since v2.9.4, GIMP can color-manage them as well.
Since GIMP currently relies on sRGB (this is bound to change in future versions of GIMP), we decided to expose that in the user interface. So currently GIMP has an option called ‘Color-manage this image’ in two places: the New Image dialog and the
Image > Color Managementsubmenu. What it means is that instead of taking into consideration the ICC profile embedded into an image (whichever profile it is) it will just treat everything as sRGB. Please note that we are likely to reword the option to make it even more explicit about what it does.
Additionally, there’s now a
View > Color Managementsubmenu where you can enable and control softproofing.
The Color Management section of the Preferences dialog has been reorganized to reflect recent changes and provide more consistent wording of options.
Since color management comes with a speed penalty (at least with LittleCMS), there’s a new option that enables you to choose either better color fidelity of faster processing depending on the kind of work you usually do.
Among smaller changes there’s a new
Image > Color Management > Save Color Profile to File...command that does exactly what it says: it dumps an embedded ICC profile to disk as a file. Note that copyright restrictions on ICC profiles may apply, so please be careful.
GIMP now keeps track of all GEGL-based filters that you used within one session and allows re-running them via the
Filters > Recently Usedsubmenu, just like old GIMP plug-ins.
The Posterize and Desaturate color tools have been converted to regular GEGL-based filters, and both the Tile and Pagecurl filters have been converted to use GEGL buffers. A quite popular “photographic” Highpass filter commonly used for enhancing details was added to the
Filters > Enhancesubmenu.
A way more noticeable new feature, however, is split preview for GEGL-based filters. You can compare before/after versions right on canvas and move a “curtain” around to see more of “before” or “after”, and swap their positions (
Shift + clickon the guide). You can also switch between vertical and horizontal division (
Ctrl + click).
darktable as Raw Processing Plug-in
On Linux, GIMP is now capable of using darktable for pre-processing raw images from DSLRs (Canon CR2, Nikon NEF etc.). darktable is an amazing project whose developers stick around at our IRC channel and even contribute to GIMP (most recently, they added reading various metadata from EXR files).
Note that the
file-darktableplug-in is activated only when darktable is built with Lua support. Make sure your build of darktable for Linux is feature-complete.
It is still possible to use other raw development plug-ins like
UFRaw. For cases when multiple plug-ins are installed in your system, we intend to add a preference option.
The code for capturing screenshots has undergone a major reorganization. It’s now split into a front-end and several back-ends specific for Windows, OS X, Wayland and X.org (Linux and UNIX systems).
While there are no immediate user-visible changes, this reorganization will greatly simplify further improvements, hence improving user experience on different operating systems.
MyPaint Brush Tool
The new MyPaint Brush tool is now enabled by default. Daniel Sabo and Michael Natterer improved its performance and made MyPaint brushes available via an already familiar dockable dialog interface, with previews and tagging.
Jehan Pagès collaborated with the MyPaint team: he ported libmypaint to autotools, allowing, in particular, standard builds on all platforms, and work is being done to turn the default brushes into a separately shipped package.
Another major new feature is symmetric painting mode, also developed by Jehan Pagès with financial support from the GIMP community. It can be activated through the new Symmetry Painting dockable dialog and allows to use all paint tools with various symmetries (mirror, mandala, tiling…).
- “Mirror” allows to paint with horizontal, vertical (axial), and/or central symmetry. The symmetry guides can be placed anywhere on canvas.
- “Mandala” is a rotational symmetry of any order. The center can be placed anywhere on canvas.
- “Tiling” is a translational symmetry, which can be finite (with a maximum of strokes) or infinite. In the latter case, it is the perfect tool to create patterns or seamless tiles, with instant rendering of what it will look like, at painting time.
The mouse scroll-wheel action mappings have been improved, allowing, in combination with various modifiers, to do useful things on the currently selected tool’s options:
Alt + Mousewheel: opacity increase/decrease;
Shift + Primary + Mousewheel: aspect increase/decrease;
Shift + Alt + Mousewheel: angle increase/decrease;
Primary + Alt + Mousewheel: size increase/decrease;
Shift + Primary + Alt + Mousewheel: spacing increase/decrease.
Primarymodifier is usually
Cmd, depending on your platform.
For cases when your selection has a lot of small unselected regions, you can now use the
Select > Remove Holescommand.
Select > Border...dialog now provides several border style options: hard, smooth, and feathered. Feathered creates a selection which goes gradually from 1 to 0 the farther you get from the middle of the border. Smooth preserves partial selection (antialiasing) along the edges of the selection.
The Fuzzy Select and Bucket Fill tools got a new feature for selecting/filling diagonally neighboring pixels.
The Blend tool got shapeburst fills resurrected, and allows the placement of their handles on the canvas, outside of the image area. Additionally, the Blend tool now displays its progress thanks to a new GEGL feature available in several GEGL operations including
The Text tool now fully supports advanced input methods for CJK and other non-western languages. Minimal support already existed, but the pre-edit text was displayed in a floating pop-up instead of inline, within the text tool box, and without any preview styling. It is now displayed just as expected, depending on your platform and Input Method Engine. Several input method-related bugs and crashes have also been fixed.
Batch Processing on Command Line
A new macro
with-filesis now available in order to easily process multiple files through GIMP from the command line, which was a much awaited feature.
For instance, if you want to invert the colors of all PNG images in the current folder, then save them as JPEG, you could run the following from the command line:gimp -i -b '(with-files "*.png" (gimp-invert layer) (gimp-file-save 1 image layer (string-append basename ".jpg") (string-append basename ".jpg") ) ) (gimp-quit 0)'
Note: the name of the macro may change before the release of v2.10.
Email Plug-in Resurrected
File > Send by email…dialog will open your default email client with an attached copy of the current image, to share your work-in-progress with a single click. This is available only on operating systems with
xdg-email(likely GNU/Linux, BSD only).
The original implementation using
sendmailis also available. Yet since it requires a properly configured sendmail, which is not common on desktop machines, the explicit
--with-sendmailoption has to be set at build time to replace the