Software-update: Wine 8.0

Wine logo (75 pix) De final release van Wine versie 8.0 is verschenen. Wine is een opensource-implementatie van de Windows-api en maakt het mogelijk om DOS- en Windows-programma's op Linux, FreeBSD, Solaris en macOS te draaien. Een grote groep ontwikkelaars draagt bij aan Wine en er is voor gekozen om elke twee weken een nieuwe zogeheten ontwikkelversie uit te brengen in plaats van te wachten tot er een aantal nieuwe functies klaar is. Een paar keer per jaar verschijnt er een stabiele uitgave. De database met applicaties die onder Wine werken, al dan niet met behulp van kleine aanpassingen, bevat op het moment van schrijven 28.803 titels wat er 42 meer zijn dan verleden keer. In deze uitgave zijn de volgende veranderingen en verbeteringen aangebracht:

PE modules
  • After 4 years of work, the PE conversion is finally complete: all modules can be built in PE format. This is an important milestone on the road to supporting various features such as copy protection, 32-bit applications on 64-bit hosts, Windows debuggers, x86 applications on ARM, etc. However, some modules still perform direct calls between the PE and the Unix part, instead of going through the NT system call interface. The remaining direct calls will be removed during the Wine 8.x development phase.
  • A special syscall dispatcher is used for PE -> Unix transitions, to avoid the overhead of a full NT system call. This minimizes the performance impact of the new architecture, in particular for the OpenGL and Vulkan libraries.
  • Building mixed Windows/Unix libraries in ELF format (.dll.so libraries) is still supported for use in Winelib applications. However, such applications won't support features enabled by the NT syscall interface, such as WoW64 without 32-bit libraries.
WoW64
  • WoW64 thunks are implemented for essentially all Unix libraries, enabling a 32-bit PE module to call a 64-bit Unix library. Once the remaining direct PE/Unix calls have been removed, this will make it fully possible to run 32-bit Windows applications without any 32-bit Unix library.
  • When the 32-bit Wine loader isn't found, 32-bit applications are started in the new experimental "Windows-like" WoW64 mode (where 32-bit code runs inside a 64-bit host process). This mode can be enabled by building with the '--enable-archs' configure option. This is still under development and not yet recommended for general use. Since in case of configuration errors it is possible for it to be triggered inadvertently, applications started in this mode print the warning "starting in experimental wow64 mode".
Graphics
  • The "Light" theme is enabled in the default configuration, for a more modern look. Other themes can still be configured through WineCfg.
  • The graphics drivers (winex11.drv, winemac.drv, wineandroid.drv) are converted to run on the Unix side of the syscall boundary, and interface with the Unix side of the Win32u library.
  • The Print Processor architecture is implemented. This will be used to avoid direct PE<->Unix calls in the printer driver.
  • Effects are supported in Direct2D, including description parsing and a number of core objects.
  • Command lists recording and playback are implemented in Direct2D.
  • The Vulkan driver supports up to version 1.3.237 of the Vulkan spec.
Direct3D
  • Many optimizations related to streaming map acceleration are implemented, in common code as well as in the GL renderer. Depending on the application, this may result in major performance improvements.
  • Adapter video memory budget change notifications are implemented.
  • The Vulkan renderer supports setting multiple viewports and scissor rectangles.
  • Several Direct3D 10 and 11 features, which were already implemented, are accurately reported through capability flags: - Per-format support for vertex and index buffers. - Per-format support for all capabilities via D3D11_FEATURE_FORMAT_SUPPORT. - No-overwrite maps on shader resources and constant buffers. - Partial range binding of constant buffers.
  • For convenience, a new WINE_D3D_CONFIG environment variable may be used instead of modifying the HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Wine\Direct3D registry key. The value is a comma- or semicolon-separated list of key-value pairs, e.g.: WINE_D3D_CONFIG="renderer=vulkan;VideoPciVendorID=0xc0de" If an individual setting is specified in both the environment variable and the registry, the former takes precedence.
  • The Direct3D graphics card database recognizes more graphics cards.
  • The Vulkan renderer limits the maximum Direct3D feature level based on available Vulkan features.
Direct3D helper libraries
  • A new HLSL compiler is implemented using the vkd3d-shader library.
  • A new HLSL disassembler is implemented using the vkd3d-shader library.
  • The HLSL preprocessor is reimplemented using the vkd3d-shader HLSL preprocessor.
  • The D3DX 10 Thread Pump is implemented.
  • Many more expressions are supported in Direct3D 10 effects.
  • Cubemap projection is implemented in the D3DX 9 helper library.
Audio / Video
  • The MPEG-1 audio decoder filter for layers 1 and 2, and the separate filter for layer 3, are both implemented on top of GStreamer.
  • The ASF reader filter is implemented.
  • The OpenAL32.dll wrapper library is removed, in favor of the native OpenAL32.dll library shipped by Windows applications.
Media Foundation
  • Content type resolution is improved in the Media Foundation Player.
  • Rate control is implemented.
  • The Enhanced Video Renderer default mixer and presenter are better supported.
  • The DirectShow filter is implemented in the Enhanced Video Renderer.
  • An initial framework is implemented for the Writer encoding API.
  • The topology loader is better supported.
Input devices
  • Controller hotplug support is greatly improved, and controller removal and insertion are correctly dispatched to applications.
  • Driving wheel device detection and reporting is better implemented, using the SDL library and HID usages as hints for the device types.
  • Force feedback effect support is improved, specifically with driving wheel controllers.
  • The HID Haptics specification is used for left / right motor rumble and trigger rumble. It makes it possible for device drivers to expose haptics support over HidRaw, and overcome EvDev limitations.
  • The Joystick Control Panel is redesigned, with new graphics and a dedicated view for XInput gamepads.
  • Sony DualShock and DualSense controllers are supported when the hidraw backend is used, and exposed to applications in the same way as they are on Windows.
  • The Windows.Gaming.Input module is introduced, one of the first WinRT modules in Wine, implementing a new programming interface to access gamepads, joysticks and driving wheel devices. For this new input API, hotplug notifications are also implemented, as well as force feedback effects and haptics. This API is the first one to support trigger rumble.
Internationalization
  • A proper locale database, in Windows locale.nls format, is generated from the Unicode CLDR database. The list of supported locales is essentially identical to that of the latest Windows version.
  • Unicode string comparison is based on the Windows Sortkey database and algorithms instead of the Unicode Collation Algorithm, yielding more compatible results.
  • Characters from high Unicode planes (in UTF-16 encoding) are supported in most functions, in particular for case mappings, BiDi formatting, and character shaping.
  • The UTF-8 encoding is supported as Ansi codepage. It is enabled when requested by the application's manifest.
  • Unicode character tables are based on version 15.0.0 of the Unicode Standard.
  • The timezone data is generated from the IANA timezone database version 2022g.
Text and fonts
  • Font linking is enabled for most system fonts, which should fix missing glyphs in CJK locales.
  • Font fallback in DirectWrite is reworked, with additional support for an large number of scripts.
Kernel
  • The ApiSetSchema database is implemented, replacing all the api-ms-* forwarding modules. This reduces both disk space and address space usage.
  • DOS file attributes are persistent, and stored on disk using the filesystem's extended attributes, in a format compatible with Samba.
Internet and networking
  • The Online Certificate Status Protocol (OCSP) is implemented.
  • More EcmaScript features are supported in JScript standard-compliant mode.
  • The JScript garbage collector is implemented.
  • Accessibility support is enabled in Wine Gecko package.
  • Web Storage, Performance object and more event objects are implemented in MSHTML.
Mono / .NET
  • The Mono engine is updated to version 7.4.0. The list of changes can be viewed at https://github.com/madewokherd/wine-mono/releases/tag/wine-mono-7.4.0
Builtin applications
  • All the builtin applications use Common Controls version 6, which enables theming and high-DPI rendering by default.
  • The Wine Debugger (winedbg) prints thread names in the 'info thread' listing, for applications that set the names of their threads. All internal Wine threads also set their own name.
  • The QWORD type is supported in the REGEDIT and REG registry tools.
  • Notepad has a status bar displaying the current cursor position. The Goto Line functionality is also implemented.
  • The builtin console programs print data in the OEM codepage, for better compatibility with applications reading their output.
  • The Service Control tool (sc.exe) supports the 'query' command.
Development tools
  • The PE conversion has made it necessary to implement a new mechanism to run static C++ constructors in Winelib ELF applications. Unfortunately, this requires the corresponding modules to be rebuilt with Wine 8.0. The rebuilt modules will still run correctly on older Wine versions, but older modules will no longer execute static constructors when run on Wine 8.0.
  • In regression tests, individual checks can be marked as "flaky". This is useful for checks that depend on external factors such as network timings. The errors are still reported but not counted as failures.
  • Test failure messages can be printed in color by setting the WINETEST_COLOR environment variable, to make them easier to spot in the test log.
  • The Resource Compiler (WRC) and Message Compiler (WMC) use the locale.nls database to detect languages and codepages, and thus support all the Windows locales.
  • The WineDump tool supports printing the contents of Enhanced Metafile spool files, as well as more contents from PDB files.
Build infrastructure
  • PE binaries can be built for multiple architectures from the same build tree, using the '--enable-archs' option to configure, for example '--enable-archs=i386,x86_64'. This can be used to enable the experimental WoW64 mode, where 32-bit applications can run without any 32-bit host libraries. Note that this mode is still under development and not yet recommended for general use.
  • Data types that are defined as 'long' on Windows are defined as 'long' instead of 'int' on all platforms with a 32-bit long type. This is more compatible, but it can cause printf format warnings with Unix compilers. In Winelib code, it can be disabled by defining WINE_NO_LONG_TYPES.
  • Import libraries can be generated without using dlltool, by passing the '--without-dlltool' option to winebuild. This is used to avoid dlltool bugs with delay import libraries.
  • Libraries that contain only resources and no code can be built with the '--data-only' option to winegcc, which makes them smaller and more efficient to load.
Bundled libraries
  • Faudio is updated to the upstream release 22.11.
  • LCMS2 is updated to the upstream release 2.14.
  • LibJPEG is updated to the upstream release 9e.
  • LibMPG123 is updated to the upstream release 1.31.1.
  • LibPng is updated to the upstream release 1.6.39.
  • LibTiff is updated to the upstream release 4.4.0.
  • LibXml2 is updated to the upstream release 2.10.3.
  • LibXslt is updated to the upstream release 1.1.37.
  • Zlib is updated to the upstream release 1.2.13.
Platform-specific features
  • The experimental WoW64 architecture is supported on macOS versions from 10.15.
  • 64-bit time_t is supported on 32-bit Linux with recent Glibc versions.
  • Exception unwinding on ARM platforms is extended with EHABI support on ARM32 and Dwarf support on ARM64.
Miscellaneous
  • RSA encryption and the RSA-PSS signing algorithm are implemented.
  • An initial version of the UI Automation API is implemented.
  • Function name demangling supports various C++11 features.
External dependencies
  • The vkd3d and LDAP libraries are bundled in the source tree and built as PE. The corresponding Unix libraries are no longer needed.
  • The OpenAL library is no longer used.

Cyberpunk 2077 op Wine

Versienummer 8.0
Releasestatus Final
Besturingssystemen Linux, BSD, macOS, Solaris
Website Wine HQ
Download https://wiki.winehq.org/Download
Licentietype GPL

Door Bart van Klaveren

Downloads en Best Buy Guide

25-01-2023 • 21:54

11 Linkedin

Bron: Wine HQ

Update-historie

25-01 Wine 8.0 11
22-12 Wine 8.0 RC2 2
10-12 Wine 8.0 RC1 18
26-11 Wine 7.22 6
13-11 Wine 7.21 0
01-11 Wine 7.20 11
24-09 Wine 7.18 13
10-09 Wine 7.17 125
29-08 Wine 7.16 4
14-08 Wine 7.15 0
Meer historie

Reacties (11)

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Ondanks de overstap naar PÉ helaas nog geen support voor de recente (>10.14) macOS versies
CrossOver van CodeWeavers werkt prima onder Ventura, en is gebaseerd op de op een na laatste versie van Wine 7.7. Niet gratis: $74.
De beprijzing is inderdaad zeer bedenkelijk. Voor dat geld kun je beter een VM draaien met Windows. Jammer dat ze het zo uitmelken.
Klopt.
Ik geloof wel dat virtualisatie voor Macs met een ARM chipset (M1 en M2) toch problematisch is.
X86 virtualisatie wordt dan emulatie en zeer traag. En ik weet niet of de ARM versie van Windows geschikt is om allerlei games op te draaien.
Toevallig heb ik onlangs Parallels met Windows 11 for ARM getest met Steam, en dat werkt verbazingwekkend goed. De M1 Pro presteert beter dan mijn Windows notebook met Ryzen 9 en RTX3050. Heb alleen The House Of Da Vinci 3 en Black Mesa getest, maar in het algemeen wordt hier veel gebruik van gemaakt :)
Ok, klinkt goed, dank voor de tip. Gamen op Windows ARM werkt dus wel. Time to try, want ik heb crossover geprobeerd maar daar had ik echt performance problemen op mijn M1 Pro.
Hoe bedoel je dat ze het zo uitmelken?
Ik vind in principe alle abonnementsconstructies voor software een vorm van uitmelken. Als je een permanente licentie wil betaal je bijna 500 dollar :X Zot vind ik dat.
Ik heb het sinds 2010 gebruikt of zo, toen was het goedkoper vooral als je een jaar verlengde. Op gegeven moment heb ik lifetime gekocht omdat ik het geld waar vond en omdat Codeweavers ook veel contributeeren aan het Wine project.

En uiteindelijk hebben Valve en Codeweavers Wine geforked en daar Proton mee gemaakt, dus nu gebruik ik het eigenlijk niet meer.
Kleine doch belangrijke nuance: $74 per jaar
Die zou moeten komen, wanneer 32-bit applicaties werken op een volledig 64-bit systeem. Volgens mij werkt het onder Linux ook nog niet, maar dat heb ik nog niet geprobeerd.


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