Er zijn updates voor verschillende versies van PostgreSQL verschenen. Dit populaire 'opensource relational database management system' draait op een groot aantal besturingssystemen en is daardoor uitstekend inzetbaar in diverse omgevingen. Het is een afgeleide van Ingres, nadat de hoofdontwikkelaar daarvan voor zichzelf is begonnen en die database van opensource closedsource werd. De release notes, met hierin informatie over de beveiligingsupdates in versies 8.3.20, 8.4.13 en 9.0.9, plus de bugfixes uit versie 9.1.5, kunnen hieronder worden gevonden.
Security Update 2012-08-17 released
The PostgreSQL Global Development Group today released security updates for all active branches of the PostgreSQL database system, including versions 9.1.5, 9.0.9, 8.4.13 and 8.3.20. This update patches security holes associated with libxml2 and libxslt, similar to those affecting other open source projects. All users are urged to update their installations at the first available opportunity.
This security release fixes a vulnerability in the built-in XML functionality, and a vulnerability in the XSLT functionality supplied by the optional XML2 extension. Both vulnerabilities allow reading of arbitrary files by any authenticated database user, and the XSLT vulnerability allows writing files as well. The fixes cause limited backwards compatibility issues. These issues correspond to the following two vulnerabilities:
This release also contains several fixes to version 9.1, and a smaller number of fixes to older versions, including:
- Updates and corrections to time zone data
- Multiple documentation updates and corrections
- Add limit on max_wal_senders
- Fix dependencies generated during ALTER TABLE ADD CONSTRAINT USING INDEX.
- Correct behavior of unicode conversions for PL/Python
- Fix WITH attached to a nested set operation (UNION/INTERSECT/EXCEPT).
- Fix syslogger so that log_truncate_on_rotation works in the first rotation.
- Only allow autovacuum to be auto-canceled by a directly blocked process.
- Improve fsync request queue operation
- Prevent corner-case core dump in rfree().
- Fix Walsender so that it responds correctly to timeouts and deadlocks
- Several PL/Perl fixes for encoding-related issues
- Make selectivity operators use the correct collation
- Prevent unsuitable slaves from being selected for synchronous replication
- Make REASSIGN OWNED work on extensions as well
- Fix race condition with ENUM comparisons
- Make NOTIFY cope with out-of-disk-space
- Fix memory leak in ARRAY subselect queries
- Reduce data loss at replication failover
- Fix behavior of subtransactions with Hot Standby
Users who are relying on the built-in XML functionality to validate external DTDs will need to implement a workaround, as this security patch disables that functionality. Users who are using xslt_process() to fetch documents or stylesheets from external URLs will no longer be able to do so. The PostgreSQL project regrets the need to disable both of these features in order to maintain our security standards. These security issues with XML are substantially similar to issues patched recently by the Webkit (CVE-2011-1774), XMLsec (CVE-2011-1425) and PHP5 (CVE-2012-0057) projects.
As with other minor releases, users are not required to dump and reload their database or use
pg_upgradein order to apply this update release; you may simply shut down PostgreSQL and update its binaries. Perform post-update steps after the database is restarted.
All supported versions of PostgreSQL are affected. See the release notes for each version for a full list of changes with details of the fixes and steps.